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What is .45-70 Government?

The .45-70 Government, commonly known as the .45-70, is a rifle cartridge that was originally developed by the U.S. Army in 1873 for use in the Springfield Model 1873 "Trapdoor" rifle. It has since become a popular cartridge for hunting and sporting purposes.

The .45-70 Government is a rimmed, straight-walled cartridge that fires a .45 caliber bullet. It was initially designed as a black powder cartridge but has evolved to also accommodate smokeless powder loadings. The cartridge gets its name from its caliber (.45) and the year it was introduced (1870).

The .45-70 is known for its versatility and stopping power. It is often used for hunting large game, including bear, elk, and other heavy-bodied animals. The cartridge delivers substantial energy and penetration, making it effective for taking down game at moderate ranges.

The .45-70 Government cartridge has a long and storied history, and it remains popular among traditionalists, as well as those who appreciate its nostalgic appeal and the hard-hitting performance it offers. It is commonly used in lever-action rifles, single-shot rifles, and some modern bolt-action rifles chambered for this cartridge. It has also found favor among some black powder enthusiasts who enjoy shooting historical firearms or replicas.

Overall, the .45-70 Government is a powerful and versatile cartridge with a rich history, favored by hunters and enthusiasts seeking a classic big-game cartridge with ample stopping power.

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