When comparing the 9mm and .40 cal for self-defense purposes, both have their merits and considerations. The 9mm offers several advantages, such as higher capacity, reduced recoil, and greater affordability. Its manageable recoil allows for quicker follow-up shots and improved accuracy, especially for shooters with less experience or smaller stature. Additionally, the widespread availability and lower cost of 9mm ammunition make it a practical choice for regular practice and training.
On the other hand, the .40 cal provides slightly more stopping power and penetration due to its larger bullet diameter. This can be advantageous in situations where the ability to quickly incapacitate a threat is crucial. However, it generally comes at the expense of increased recoil and slightly reduced capacity compared to the 9mm.
Considering these factors, the 9mm is often recommended as a well-rounded choice for self-defense due to its ease of use, higher capacity, and lower recoil, which can aid in accuracy and rapid target acquisition. It strikes a good balance between stopping power and controllability, making it suitable for a wide range of shooters. Furthermore, the availability and affordability of 9mm ammunition make it practical for regular training, which is essential for developing and maintaining proficiency with a self-defense firearm. Ultimately, personal preference, individual shooting proficiency, and specific needs should also be taken into account when selecting the most suitable self-defense ammunition.