Caliber and Bullet Diameter:
- .38 Special: The .38 Special has a bullet diameter of .357 inches (or 9.07mm). It is a popular revolver cartridge used for various purposes such as self-defense and target shooting.
- .357 Magnum: The .357 Magnum also has a bullet diameter of .357 inches (or 9.07mm). It was developed as an upgrade to the .38 Special and offers higher velocity and power.
Pressure and Case Length:
- .38 Special: The .38 Special operates at lower pressure levels compared to the .357 Magnum. Its case length is typically 29.3mm.
- .357 Magnum: The .357 Magnum operates at significantly higher pressures than the .38 Special. Its case length is the same as the .38 Special, 29.3mm.
- Revolvers: Most revolvers chambered for .357 Magnum will also accept .38 Special cartridges. The longer .357 Magnum cartridge will fit into the chamber designed for .38 Special due to the shared bullet diameter and case length. This allows you to shoot both .357 Magnum and .38 Special from the same revolver.
- Semi-automatic pistols: It's important to note that .357 Magnum cartridges are not designed for semi-automatic pistols. They are primarily used in revolvers. Semi-automatic pistols typically chambered for .38 Special cannot handle the higher pressure and longer length of .357 Magnum cartridges.
In summary, while .38 Special and .357 Magnum cartridges share the same bullet diameter, .357 Magnum is loaded to higher pressures and is not recommended for use in firearms chambered specifically for .38 Special. However, most revolvers chambered for .357 Magnum will also accept and safely fire .38 Special cartridges. Always consult the specific firearm manufacturer's guidelines and recommendations before using any ammunition.